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Topic 5 Learning Objectives

Be able to:

Define, compare and contrast, classify, differentiate, put in order, predict using, identify correct and incorrect examples of, identify correct and incorrect interpretations of, identify correct and incorrect applications ofÖthe following terms:

            thermodynamics
            thermochemistry
            energy
            joule
            calorie
            kinetic energy ( Ek )
            potential energy ( Ep )
            internal energy ( E )
            total energy ( Etot )
            Law of conservation of energy
            system
            surroundings
            heat
            temperature
            thermal equilibrium
            q
   
         first law of thermodynamics
            work
            calorimetry
            calorimeter
            heat capacity
            specific heat
            molar heat capacity
            constant-volume calorimetry
            constant-volume calorimeter
            bomb calorimeter
            constant-pressure calorimetry
            constant-pressure calorimeter
            heat of reaction
            exothermic
            endothermic
            enthalpy ( H )
            enthalpy change
            state function
            non-state function
            enthalpy of reaction
            heat of reaction
            thermochemical equation
            Hessís Law

Describe how two bodies reach thermal equilibrium

Use the sign conventions in thermodynamics

Perform calculations involving the specific heat equation

Perform calculations involving molar heat capacity

Perform calculations involving constant-volume calorimetry

Perform calculations involving constant-pressure calorimetry

Use heat evolved and heat absorbed to classify chemical reactions

Write thermochemical equations

Manipulate thermochemical equations

Apply stoichiometry to heats of reaction

Use Hessís Law to calculate standard enthalpy of formation

Use Hessís Law to calculate standard enthalpies of reaction from standard enthalpies of formation

Use Hessís Law to calculate standard enthalpies of formation from a thermochemical equation and other enthalpies of formation