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Topic 3 Stoichiometry

Download full set of notes for Topic 3 (MS Word 2000)

STOICHIOMETRY
Definition
Word origin
Is based on
FORMULA MASS
Calculating formula mass
MOLES
Calculating molar mass
Converting moles to mass
Converting mass to moles
Converting moles to number of particles
Converting number of particles to moles
PERCENT COMPOSITION FROM ELEMENTAL MASSES
PERCENT COMPOSITION FROM A FORMULA
PERCENT COMPOSITION BY ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS
DETERMINING FORMULAS
Determining the formula of a hydrated salt
Determining an empirical formula from elemental analysis
Determining an empirical formula from percent composition
Determining an empirical formula of a organic compound from combustion analysis
Determining a molecular formula from an empirical formula
STOICHIOMETRY
Definition and description of stoichiometry
Relationships that can be determined from a balanced molecular equation
MOLE-MOLE CALCULATIONS
MASS-MASS CALCULATIONS 
LIMITING REACTANT
THEORETICAL YIELD AND PERCENT YIELD
WORKING WITH SOLUTIONS
Definitions
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Concentration
Concentrated solution
Dilute solution
Strong and weak
Dilution  
Molarity
Definition
Determining the molarity of a solution
Making a solution
Determining the needed volume of solution
Normality
Definitions
Equations
Determining the normality from the molarity
Determining the normality of a solution
DILUTING SOLUTIONS
Diluting a stock solution
GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS
Approach
Existing solutions
Solids
VOLUMETRIC ANALYSIS
Approach
For a solid standard
For a standard solution